Organic viticulture aims to coexist with, rather than dominate natural systems, enhancing biological cycles and maintaining ecological diversity within and around cropped land by managing habitats such as banks, hedges, ponds, etc… . It aims to build soil fertility (“Feed the soil, not the plant”) through the use of crop rotations, the rational use of manure and vegetable waste and the use of appropriate cultivation techniques. It also aims to minimise damage to the environment (in particular avoid mineral salt fertilisers and agrochemical pesticides) and minimise the use of non-renewable resources.
Regulatory Guidelines are laid down by IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements) and enshrined in EU regulation. Growers must keep physical and financial records of brought-in materials, brought-in plants, field cropping histories, and details of manure, fertiliserand spray applications.
In organic systems, there must be maximum recycling and minimum losses of materials. Manures from ethically unacceptable and non-organic livestock systems are prohibited.
The routine use of Bordeaux mixture and sulfur is permitted (though restricted), all other synthetic pesticides are prohibited. ‘Pesticides’ based on plant extracts (e.g. horsetail, onion, garlic, tansy, wormwood, rhubarb, regania, neem, stinging nettle, rotenone, quassia) are permitted.
Growing grapes organically include yielding a high-quality wine that is expressive of its origin.
Biodynamic viticulture is based on the work of Rudolph Steiner (1861-1925), the Austrian social philosopher, founder of ‘anthroposophy’, and a theosophist in later life.
Maria Thun and her team in Germany and Holland developed a method of biodynamic farming. This method is not perscriptive, but is a base for individual work encouraging each viticulturalist to develop a personal relationships with his environment.
Biodynamic viticulture is a holistic approach to planet earth. The earth has a cosmic relationship with the other planets in the universe. The planet is sensitive to these life-forces and so its cultivation must take cosmic aspects into account. Different arrangements of the sun, moon, and planets will favour different parts of the plant, such as the roots, leaves, flowers, or fruit. Cultural methods and products are employed that aim to channel cosmic forces in the plant and soil making them vibrate in harmony with the universe.
The aim of biodynamic farming is to produce a healthy living soil, and balanced vins which are in ‘harmony’ with nature and which can defend themselves from pests and diseases.
Interventions like planting, hoeing, spraying, harvesting are governed by the position of the planets (particularly the sun and the moon) in the zodiac.
There are a series of biodynamic preparations (horn manure 500, horn silica 501) used in homeopathic proportions, which can be added tot he vineyard during the year to stimulate life and energy.
Biodynamic growers are still permitted to use Bordeaux mixture (3kg/ha) and sulfur (7kg/ha) but at lower quantities than non-biodynamic production.
Biodynamic growers claim to have healthier more balanced vineyards, wines are often more pure and expressive of origin.
As for organic viticulture they share the pride in the fact that they are not damaging the planet by using agrochemicals
Biodyvino only works with officially recognised labeled wines.
As an importer we are also organically certified by controlling body ‘Certysis’
EU Organic label:
Since 2012 Europe has its own organic label, which inlcudes organic certification for the vineyard as well as for all the practises during vinification. We can therefore speak of an organic wine as such!
Controle organism for biodynamic wine:
Fair Trade wine:
Label FLO :